Title: Transcription profiling of human rheumatoid arthritis patients to identify inter-individual and gene-specific variance in the synovial membrane
Organism(s): Homo sapiens
Description: Background. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory and destructive joint disease, characterized by overexpression of pro-inflammatory/-destructive genes and other activating genes (e.g., proto-oncogenes) in the synovial membrane (SM). The gene expression in disease is often characterized by significant inter-individual variances via specific synchronization/desynchronization of gene expression. To elucidate the contribution of the variance to the pathogenesis of disease, expression variances were tested in SM samples of RA patients, osteoarthritis (OA) patients, and normal controls (NC). Results. For the comparison between RA and NC, 568 genes with significantly different variances in the 2 groups (p < 0.05; Bonferroni/Holm corrected Brown-Forsythe version of the Levene-Test) were selected. For the comparison between RA and OA, 333 genes were selected. Using the Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG), 10 pathways/complexes significantly affected by higher gene expression variances were identified in RA compared to NC, including cytokine-cytokine receptor interactions, the TGF-pathway, and anti-apoptosis. Compared to OA, 3 pathways with significantly higher variances were identified in RA (e.g., B cell receptor signaling, VEGF signaling). Functionally, the majority of the identified pathways is involved in the regulation of inflammation, proliferation, cell survival, and angiogenesis. Conclusion. In RA, a number of disease-relevant or even disease-specific pathways/complexes are characterized by broad intra-group, inter-individual expression variances. This indicates that RA pathogenesis in different individuals may depend to a lesser extent on common alterations of the expression of specific key genes, but on individual-specific alterations of different genes resulting in common disturbances of key pathways. Experiment Overall Design: Expression variances were tested in synovial membrane samples of rheumatoid arthritis patients, osteoarthritis patients, and normal controls (see publication for further details).
Design(s): unknown_experiment_design_type, transcription profiling by array
Experimental factor(s):
Current NSAID
3 recorded
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug sulfasalazine cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor
current steroid
1 recorded
Current NSARD
1 recorded
antirheumatic drug
3 recorded
osteoarthritis Healthy_control_subjects rheumatoid arthritis
current drug
3 recorded
methotrexate Tilidine (CHEMBL563449) hydroxychloroquine
Publication(s): Hummert Huber, Pohlers Gausmann, Guthke Koczan, Kinne
Identification of intra-group, inter-individual, and gene-specific variances in mRNA expression profiles in the rheumatoid arthritis synovial membrane. PubMed:18721452

Sample attribute(s):
Material Type
2 recorded
synthetic_RNA total_RNA
2 recorded
female male
23 recorded
76 75 80 66 29 71 62 17 47 64 53 46 36 78 39 73 79 65 77 61 63 59 88
sample type
1 recorded
Surgical excision sample
1 recorded
1 recorded
1 recorded
Homo sapiens
Contact(s): René Huber
Release Date: 10/25/2008
Submission Date:
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Assay Downloads
transcription profiling using DNA microarray
57 assays